Yorkshire County

Yorkshire County

Yorkshire County in England

Yorkshire is a historical county in Northern England, not only the largest, but also the most English of all English counties: from hills, meadows and flowering gardens of local residents to the peaceful classical English neighborhoods. Many of those who were born and raised in Yorkshire are mocking the prejudices of Southerners, taking a position just like Texans and Australians who believe that anything that does not happen to them should not be taken into account at all.

It has it all

The fact is that Yorkshire has all the advantages here, since its most vivid characteristics – from dialect to landscape – are rooted in the long history of settlements, inventions and independence, and this is still a source of their pride. There are acres of round valleys, national parks on the hills and excellent coastline, dotted with names of places that came from the Vikings, medieval abbeys, designated battles during the Civil War and rural homes of aristocrats and industrialists.

As for other Yorkshire pride items (beer is better, the air is cleaner, people are more benevolent than “in the south,” and so on), then you can make up your own opinion about it. Yorkshire was previously divided into three counties, or “Raidinga” (North, East and West), which in Old Norse meant “three parts” that roughly correspond to the modern division into the North, East and West, Yorkshire, plus South (South) Yorkshire, which adjoins the Peak District and the Eastern Midlands.

Administration

yorkshireDifferent names of administrative units only confuse local residents, but for tourists the division is a convenient guide for finding the main cities and sights of England: in South Yorkshire – Sheffield, in West – Leeds, Bradford and Haworth, in East – Kingston-upon-Hull and North – York, moors (swamps), valleys and coasts. The first place to visit is undoubtedly the history-impregnated York (York), which for centuries was the second city in England, until the Industrial Revolution created new centers of power and influence.

The Yorkshire mixture of medieval, Georgian and Victorian architecture is reflected in miniature in flourishing county cities in the north and east, such as Beverley, built around another historic abbey; Richmond (Richmond), bowed under the shadow of a cathedral surrounded by rocks; Ripon (Ripon), encircling the cathedral of honey-colored stone; and the historic resort town of Harrogate.

The Coast

The Yorkshire coast has preserved much since the days of greatness, when its cities thrived primarily as resort cities: places like Bridlington and Scarborough experienced a boom in the 19th century and again in the post-war period, but these days they live more than the past glory. Today the best on the coast can be found in smaller resorts with interesting historical centers, such as Whitby and Robin Hood’s Bay. The engine of growth during the industrial revolution was not in the north of the county, but in the south and west. By the XIX century, Leeds, Bradford, Sheffield and their satellites were the world’s largest producers of textiles and steel.

Industrialization

The ruthless logic of the economy devastated this area in the twentieth century, leaving only empty textile factories, abandoned steel mills, soot-covered giant industrial buildings and cities killed by depression. However, in the past decade, South and West Yorkshire began to reborn, and the transformation of the center of Leeds and Sheffield, in particular, is very visible. Both cities are now opening up more and more opportunities for tourists, while Bradford and its National Museum of Photography, Film and Television attract visitors to Haworth, where is the home of the Bronte sisters.

Despite the valleys contaminated by factories and slums, large tracts of terrain covered with heather have survived, and one can be very surprised to see rural nature on the outskirts of Leeds and Bradford. The Yorkshire Dales National Park in the northwest forms a patchwork of stone houses of villages, sandstone hills, serene valleys and majestic peaks. Another county national park, the North York Moors (North York Moors), is divided into open wastelands on the hills and on the gigantic impassable coastline between Robin Hoods Bay and the States.